OSHA Overhead Crane Inspections & OSHA Hoist Inspections
Why Inspect Overhead Cranes
There are several reasons why to inspect bridge cranes. The most important reason is wear and tear. Just as your car parts wear out with use, the lifting and transporting of heavy object wear trolley wheels, hoist wire ropes, flanges, motors and gearboxes. Parts that are susceptible to high usage, will wear and tear if periodic adjustments are not made. Such as brakes, upper and lower limits, and fluid levels. There are two different types of inspections you should consider:
- Frequent Inspections (Daily to Monthly) - High duty cycle cranes might require inspections more frequently to ensure proper function.
- Periodic Inspections (Monthly or Annual) - Mandatory OSHA overhead crane inspection required to ensure safe operation.
- Preventative Maintenance Service
OSHA Overhead Crane Inspection Requirements
While we at TSOC brush up on our regulatory standards on a regular basis, we encourage you to read the documents yourself. Below are the OSHA, ANSI, and CMAA crane standards that specify the regulations and definitions of overhead cranes.
OSHA - 29 CFR 1910.179 - Overhead and Gantrys
OSHA - 29 CFR 1903.1 (The General Duty Clause)
CMAA - Spec. No. 70, 74 and 78
Crane ANSI/ASME Standards
B-30 series Cranes, Derricks, Hoists,
B-30.2 Overhead and Gantrys (Top Running Hoist) B-30.10 Hooks
B-30.11 Monorail and Underhung B-30.16 Overhead Hoists (Underhung)
B-30.17 Overhead & Gantrys (Underhung Hoists) B-30.18 Stackers
B-30.21 Manually Lever Operated Hoists
What Daily Checks Should End Users Practice?
While monthly and annual inspections are a great way to have professionals ensure safe use of overhead cranes, its function can change daily. Wire ropes could wear, limit switches could fail, and normal wear could eventually catch up and damage the structure and components depending on use.
Below is a daily crane inspection checklist your operator should run through every day at the beginning of his/her shift.
- Check all Limits
- Lower Hoist Completely while checking wire rope fraying.
- Run Hoist Trolley through complete motion
- Run Bridge through complete motion
- Trip Limit switches
- Test safety devices
- Check for air or hydraulic fluid leakage
- Check for load capacity stenciling on both sides of Bridge and/or Hoist.
OSHA Frequent Hoist Inspection Requirements
While OSHA doesn’t require monthly hoist inspections, it is a good way to do preventative maintenance before an issue could arise. Depending on the use at your facility, qualified persons should make a determination whether monthly inspections are necessary. Below is a monthly overhead crane inspection checklist that includes a few items we look for in our monthly inspections.
- Monthly - Check hooks for deformation or cracks (written record with signature of inspector and date)
- Monthly - Inspect Hoist Wire Rope and Chains for Wear or Distortion (written record with signature of inspector and date)
- Monthly - Inspect Chain for lubrication and add lubrication if needed.
- Check operation mechanisms for excessive wear.
Annual Inspection Items
Annual inspections are a minimum for proper safe use of cranes and hoists. Below are a few of the items TSOC looks at during annual crane and hoist inspections.
- Check for deformed, cracked or corroded members
- Check for loose bolts or rivets typically using such tools as a torque wrench
- Check for worn sheaves and drums and your hoists
- Worn, cracked or distorted parts, such as pins, bearings, gears, rollers, etc.
- Look for excessive wear on disc and shoe brakes typical for crane motors
- Check for wear of chain drive sprockets and chain
- Look at electrical components, such as pushbuttons, limit switches or contactors and check for deterioration.
What Do You Get With Your Inspections?
TSOC provides written documentation and feedback. Our documents will make you OSHA compliant. Below are some of the information our documents contain.
- Identify items that were inspected.
- Show the status of the inspected items.
- Show the date.
- Give your company a written or electronic inspection report for your records
- Damaged/unserviceable cranes will be reccomended to be taken out of service untill repaired to OEM specs.
How Often Does CMAA Recommend You Inspect Your Crane?
||Standby or infrequent service
||Light service - 2-5 lifts hr.
||Moderate service - 50% capacity, 5-10 lifts hr.
||Heavy service - 50% capacity, 10-20 lifts hr.
||Severe service - near capacity, 20+ lifts hr.
||Continuous severe service - near capacity and continuous service throughout day
Where do we inspect cranes?
Based out of St. Louis, MO we are within a 4-5 Hour drive of several major cities. Cities we routinely provide inspections in are as follows:
- Jefferson City, MO
- Columbia, MO
- Cape Girardeau, MO
- Farmington, MO
- Sedalia, MO
- Lebanon, MO
- Poplar Bluff, MO
- Hannibal, MO
- Ste. Genevieve, MO
- Joplin, MO
- Kansas City, MO
- Springfield, MO
- Decatur, IL
- Mt. Vernon, IL
- Marion, IL
- Qunicy, IL
- Rock Island, IL
- Moline, IL
- Peoria, IL
- Springfield, IL
- Chicago, IL
- Evansville, IN
- Indianapolis, IN
- Jonesboro, AR
- Blytheville, AR
- Little Rock, AR
- Fort Smith, AR
- Memphis, TN
- Jackson, TN
- Nashville, TN
- Paducah, KY
- Louisville, KY
Iowa and Oklahoma
- Cedar Rapids, IA
- Des Moines, IA
- Davenport, IA
- Tulsa, OK
TSOC provides OSHA crane inspections and hoist inspections; serving clients from coast to coast, Canada, Mexico and especially focused in the states of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, Tennessee, Kentucky, Iowa, and Oklahoma.